shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCCharacteristicsshintô Virtues

shintô Virtues – 09 / 05 / 2015
makoto まこと
(truth, reality, sincerity, honesty, fidelity, integrity)

❖ Sincerity
myôjô みょうじょう 明淨
myô (bright, light)
jô (pure, clean, unspoiled)

❖ Brightness – cheerfulness
seichoku せいちょく 正直
shôjiki しょうじき
sei (correct, righteous)
choku (straight, honest, frank)

shô (correct, righteous)
jiki (straight, honest, frank)

❖ Integrity – right and straight
nao. なお
(straight, honest, frank)
ma.gari まがり 曲がり
ma.gari (curvature, warp, bend, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse)
jiki じき
iki いき
(style, purity, essence, pith)

iki Aesthetic – An expression of simplicity, sophistication, spontaneity, and originality
❖ It is ephemeral, romantic, straight forward, measured, audacious, smart, and unselfconscious
❖ It is not overly refined, pretentious, complicated, showy, slick, coquettish, or, generally, cute
❖ At the same time, iki may exhibit any of those traits in a smart, direct, and unabashed manner
mikansei みかんせい 未完成
mi (un-)
kan (perfect, completion, end)
sei (turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach)

❖ Incompletion; incomplete; unfinished
❖ A Japanese aesthetic
yûgen ゆうげん 幽玄
yû (calm, dark, deep, faint, profound, seclude, secluded, tranquil)
gen (mysterious, occultness)
yûgen (subtle grace, hidden beauty, mysterious profundity, elegant simplicity, the subtle and profound, the occult)

❖ An awareness of the world that creates emotional responses that are too profound and potent for words
❖ A Japanese aesthetic
wabi-sabi わびさび 侘寂
wabi (proud, lonely)
sabi (loneliness, quietly, mellow, mature)

wabi-sabi Aesthetic – Centered on the acceptance of transience
❖ It is sometimes described as beauty that is "imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete"
❖ Characteristics of wabi-sabi include asymmetry, asperity, simplicity, modesty, intimacy, and the suggestion of natural processes
sei-mei せいめい 清明
sei (pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise)
mei (bright, light)

❖ Purity and brightness
❖ Cheerfulness of kokoro (heart)
❖ Also called sei-mei-shin
sei-mei-shin せいめいしん 清明心
sei (pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise)
mei (bright, light)
shin (heart, mind, spirit)

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