shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCkyôha shintôSect shintô

Sect shintô ('13' Prewar Sects) – 07 / 17 / 2014
kyôha shintô
rengôkai
きょうはしんとう
れんごうかい
教派神道
連合会
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)
ha (faction, group, party, clique, sect, school)
kyôha (sect; denomination)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tô | dô | michi (way, path, teachings, the way of proper conduct)
shintô (kami way, indigenous-based spiritual practices engaged in by many Japanese)
ren (take along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique)
gô (fit, suit, join)
kai (meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join)
rengôkai (association, federation)

❖ kyôha shintô Association (Sectarian shintô Association)
❖ Twelve of the original thirteen remain; tenrikyô removing itself as being shintô
ômotokyou was a later addition; bringing the number back up to thirteen
fusôkyô ふそうきょう 扶桑教
fu (aid, help, assist)
sô (mulberry)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Mountain-worship sect organized by shishino nakaba
❖ Based on fuji shinkô – beliefs & practices associated with fuji-san (Mt. fuji)
izumo
ooyashirokyô
いずも
おおやしろきょう
出雲
大社教
izumo
taishakyô
いずも
たいしゃきょう
i. (exit, leave)
zumo (cloud)
izumo (place name)
oo | tai (great, large, big)
yashiro | sha (association, shrine)
ooyashiro | taisha (grand shrine)
kyou (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Organized by senge takatomi
❖ Influenced by fukkô shintô
❖ Also pronounced izumo taishakyô
jikkôkyô じっこうきょう 実行教
實行教
jik | jitsu (reality, truth)
kô (going, journey)
jikkô (practice, realization, implementation)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

jik | jitsu (truth, reality)
kô (going, journey)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Mountain-worship sect organized by shibata hanamori
❖ Based on fuji shinkô – beliefs & practices associated with fuji-san (Mt. fuji)
konkôkyô こんこうきょう 金光教
kon (gold)
kô (ray, light)
konkô (golden light)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1859)
❖ Faith-healing sect founded by akazawa bunji
❖ Sect has branches in the Americas
❖ Worship konkô daijin – kami associated with Yin-Yang divination
kurozumikyô くろずみきょう 黒住教
kuro (black)
zumi | sumi (dwell, reside, live, inhabit)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)
kurozumi (family or surname)
❖ (1876)
❖ Faith-healing sect founded by kurozumi munetada
❖ One of the earliest shintô-derived new religions
misogikyô みそぎきょう 禊教
misogi (shintô purification with water ceremony)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1894)
❖ Purification sect
❖ Offshoot of a group founded by inoue masakane
ontakekyô おんたけきょう 御嶽教
mitakekyô みたけきょう
on | mi (honorable, manipulate, govern)
take (peak)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Centered around ontake shinkô – beliefs & practices associated with ontake-san (Mt. ontake)
❖ Organized by shimoyama osuke
❖ Formerly known as mitakekyô
oomotokyou おおもときょう 大本教
oomoto おおもと 大本
oo (great, large, big)
moto (origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause)
oomoto (foundation)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

oo (great, large, big)
moto (origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause)

❖ (1892)
❖ Founded by deguchi nao and deguchi onisaburô
❖ As a branch of konkôkyô
❖ Later broke with group
❖ Joined kyôha shintô rengôkai in 1956
❖ Key concept is reishu taijû
❖ Mainly monotheistic – see other kami as parts of oomoto sume oomikami
❖ Also called oomoto
oomoto sume
oomikami
おおもとすめ
おおみかみ
大本皇
大御神
oo (great, large, big)
moto (origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause)
sume (emperor)
oo (great, large, big)
mi (honorable, govern)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ shintô creator kami said to have created the spiritual world first and afterwards to have created the material world
reishu taijû れいしゅたいじゅう 遺主体従
rei (spirits, soul)
shu (main thing, principal, lord, chief, master)
tai (body, substance, object, reality)
jû (subordinate, secondary, obey, submit to, comply, follow, incidental)

❖ (literally: spirit main thing, body subordinate)
❖ Stresses primacy of spiritual over material
shinrikyô しんりきょう 神理教
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
ri (logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1884)
❖ Founded by sano tsunehiko
❖ Influenced by fukkô shintô
shinshûkyô しんしゅうきょう 神習教
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
shû (learn)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Purification sect founded by yoshimura masamochi
❖ Focused on proclaiming kaminagara no michi
shintô
shûseiha
しんとう
しゅうせいは
神道
修成派
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tô | dô | michi (way, path, teachings, the way of proper conduct)
shintô (kami way, indigenous-based spiritual practices engaged in by many Japanese)
shû (discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master)
sei (turn into, become, get, grow, reach)
shûsei (revising to perfection)
ha (sect, school, faction, group, party, clique)

❖ (1876)
❖ Founded by nitta kuniteru
❖ Mixes shintô teachings with Confucian ethics
shintô
taikyô
しんとう
たいきょう
神道
大教
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tô | dô | michi (way, path, teachings, the way of proper conduct)
shintô (kami way, indigenous-based spiritual practices engaged in by many Japanese)
tai (great, large, big)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ Before WWII known simply as shintô
❖ (1886)
❖ Influenced by fukkô shintô
❖ Organized as coordinating and shrine-supporting center of shintô sects after meiji Restoration
shintô
taiseikyô
しんとう
たいせいきょう
神道
大成教
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tô | dô | michi (way, path, teachings, the way of proper conduct)
shintô (kami way, indigenous-based spiritual practices engaged in by many Japanese)
tai (great, large, big)
sei (turn into, become, get, grow, reach)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1882)
❖ Mixes shintô teachings with Confucian ethics
❖ Organized by hirayama seisai
tenrikyô てんりきょう 天理教
ten (heavens, sky)
ri (logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth)
kyô (teach, faith, doctrine)

❖ (1908)
❖ Faith-healing sect founded by nakayama miki
❖ In 1970 declared they were no longer a shintô organization

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