shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCuchû-kan

uchû-gaku (Cosmology) – 06 / 10 / 2014
uchû-gaku うちゅうがく 宇宙学
u (roof, heaven)
chû (space, sky)
gaku (study, learning, science)

❖ Cosmology
uchû-kan うちゅうかん 宇宙観
u (roof, heaven)
chû (space, sky)
kan (outlook, view)

❖ One's concept of the universe
❖ (See sekai-kan)
kakuriyo かくりよ 隠世
kaku.ri (conceal, hide, cover)
yo (world, society)

❖ Hidden world of kami
ningen-kan にんげんかん 人間観
nin (person)
gen (interval, space)
kan (outlook, view)

❖ Concept of humankind
reikon-kan れいこんかん 霊魂観
rei (spirits)
kon (soul, spirit)
kan (outlook, view)

❖ Concept of kami
rekishi-kan れきしかん 歴史観
reki (passage of time)
shi (history, chronicle)
kan (outlook, view)

❖ Concept of history
takai-kan たかいかん 他界観
ta (other, the others)
kai (world)
kan (outlook, view)

❖ Concept of the Otherworld(s)
Underworlds – Buddhist and shintô
ikai いかい 異界
i (uncommon, queerness, strangeness, wonderful, curious, unusual)
kai (world)

❖ Spirit world, the next world
meido めいど 冥土
冥途
mei (dark)
do (soil, earth, ground)

mei (dark)
do (route, way, road)

❖ The Buddhist hell of those awaiting judgement
❖ (See emma-ô)
jigoku じごく 地獄
ji (ground, earth)
goku (prison, jail)

❖ Buddhist hell for worst offenders
tokoyo-no-kuni とこよのくに 常世の国
toko (regular)
yo (world, society)
tokoyo (eternal, unchanging)
no (possesive particle)
kuni (country)

❖ World in which the purified spirits of the dead reside
❖ Not to be confused with yomi-no-kuni
yomi-no-kuni よみのくに 夜見の国
yo (night, evening)
mi (see, hopes, chances)
no (possesive particle)
kuni (country)

❖ Realm of the dead; the next world, the underworld, the netherworld
❖ (See yomi)
utsushiyo うつしよ 現世
utsu.shi (present, existing, actual)
yo (world, society)
utsushiyo (present world; present age; transient world; life)

❖ Visible world of ordinary life
❖ (Buddhist term)
nihon にほん 日本
ni (sun, day)
hon (origin, real, true)
nihon (sun origin)

❖ Japan
❖ Also pronounced nippon (formal)
ôyashima-kuni おおやしまくに 大八洲国
ô (great, large, big)
ya (eight)
shima (island)
kuni (country)

❖ Poetical name for nihon
❖ Also called ôyashima
ôyashima おおやしま 大八洲
ô (great, large, big)
ya (eight)
shima (island)

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