shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
shiyakujin no hokoraTable of ContentsIndexBibliographyBackForward
ToCkamiTypes of kamiCulture kamiCommunity kami

Community kami – 06 / 10 / 2014
buraku-kami ぶらくかみ 部落神
bu (section, class, portion)
raku (fall, drop, come down)
buraku (hamlet, sub-unit of a village)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of geographical communities
chimata-no-kami ちまたのかみ 道俣の神
chi | ji (roadway, street)
mata (crotch, fork)
chimata (fork in the road)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of crossroads or forking paths
chinju-no-kami ちんじゅのかみ 鎮守の神
chin (tranquilize, ancient peace-preservation centers)
ju | shu (guard, protect, defend)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami worshipped by a group living in a specific geographical area
❖ Chiefly a kami protecting a clan, village, or region
❖ Also called chien-shin, chinjugami
chien-shin ちえんしん 地縁神
chinjugami ちんじゅがみ 鎮守神
chi (earth, ground)
en (affinity, relation, connection, edge, border, verge, brink)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

chin (tranquilize, ancient peace-preservation centers)
ju | shu (guard, protect, defend)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
dôsojin どうそじん 道祖神
dô (roadway, street, district)
so (ancestor, founder)
jin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of roads and borders – protects villages from pestilent spirits coming from outside, travelers on the road, and others in "transitional" stages
❖ (See sojin)
❖ Also called dôrokujin, sai-no-kami
dôrokujin どうろくじん 道陸神
sai-no-kami さいのかみ 塞の神
dô (roadway, street, district)
roku (land)
jin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

sai (close, shut, cover, block, obstruct)
no (possessive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
dôzoku-shin どうぞくしん 同族神
dô (same, equal)
zoku (tribe, family)
dôzoku (family group)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of a family group possessing a common paternal ancestry
jinushigami じぬしがみ 地主神
ji | chi (ground, earth)
nushi (lord, chief, master)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ (Literally: land-master-kami)
❖ A tutelary of an area of land
❖ Also called jigami, tochigami, chi-no-kami, ji-no-kami
jigami ぢがみ 地神
tochigami とちかがみ 土地神
chi-no-kami ちのかみ 地の神
ji-no-kami じのかみ
ji (ground, earth)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

to (soil, earth, ground)
chi (ground, earth)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

ji | chi (ground, earth)
no (possessive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
sakai-no-kami さかいのかみ 境の神
sakai (boundry, border, region)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami enshrined at the boundaries of settlements, and meant to prevent the ingress of evil spirits and kami of pestilence believed responsible for bringing plagues or other disasters to the community
sojin そじん 祖神
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
jin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Ancestral kami
❖ (See dôsojin)
❖ Also called oyagami
oyagami おやがみ 親神
oya (parent, intimacy, relative)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ (parental kami)
ubusuna-no-kami うぶすなのかみ 産土の神
ubu (give birth, yield, native)
suna | tsuchi (earth, soil, ground)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Tutelary kami of a person's birthplace, who protects the person throughout life
❖ Also called ubusunagami
ubusunagami うぶすながみ 産土神
ubu (give birth, yield, native)
suna | tsuchi (earth, soil, ground)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
uji-no-kami うじのかみ 氏の神
uji (family name, surname, clan)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Ancient ancestral or tutelary kami of a clan or family; more recently of a village of closely related people
❖ Also called ujigami, yakatsukami
ujigami うじがみ 氏神
yakatsukami やかつかみ 宅つ神
宅神
uji (family name, surname, clan)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

yaka (home, house, residence, my husband)
tsu (genitive post-particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

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