shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCminzoku shintôminkandenshôjôreishinshoku

shinshoku (Shrine Attendants) – 06 / 19 / 2014
shinshoku しんしょく 神職
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
shoku (post, employment, work)
shinshoku (shintô priest)

❖ Workers involved in the ritual and maintenance of shrines
❖ All those who serve the kami
❖ General term for a shintô priest or those men acting as tôya at a matsuri
❖ Also called shanin, shake, shashi, shikan
shanin しゃにん 社人
shake しゃけ 社家
shashi しゃし 社司
shikan しかん 祠官
sha (shrine)
nin (person)
shanin (shrine priest)

sha (shrine)
ke (house, home)
shake (family of hereditary shintô priests serving a shrine)

sha (shrine)
shi (official, administrator)
shashi (shrine priest)

shi (samll shrine)
kan (bureaucrat)
shikan (priest at a small village or hamlet shrine)
danshi shinshoku だんししんしょく 男子神職
dan (male)
shi (child)
danshi (young man)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
shoku (post, employment, work)
shinshoku (shintô priest)

❖ Male shintô priest or those men acting as tôya at a matsuri
jinjashishoku じんじゃししょく 神社祠職
jin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
ja | sha (shrine, office, place)
shi (small shrine)
shoku (post, employment, work)

❖ Shrine ritualists or priests
gûji ぐうじ 宮司
gû (shintô shrine)
ji | shi (director, official, administer)

❖ Chief priest
gongûji ごんぐうじ 権宮司
gon (authority, power, rights)
gû (shintô shrine)
ji | shi (director, official, administer)

❖ Provisional / assistant chief priest
negi ねぎ 禰宜
ne (ancestral shrine)
gi (best regards, good)

❖ Suppliant priest
gonnegi ごんねぎ 権禰宜
gon (authority, power, rights)
ne (ancestral shrine)
gi (best regards, good)

❖ Provisional / assistant suppliant priest
shuten しゅてん 主典
shu (master, lord, chief)
ten (ceremony, code, law, rule)

❖ Junior priest
❖ Also called kujô
kujô くじょう 宮掌
ku (shintô shrine)
jô | shô (manipulate)
hafuri はふり
hafuri (ritualist) | shuku (celebrate, congratulate)

❖ shintô priest of lower rank than kannushi and negi
shusshi しゅっし 出仕
shus | shutsu (exit, leave)
shi (attend, serve, doing)

❖ Apprentice or novice priest
joshi shinshoku じょししんしょく 女子神職
jo (woman, female)
shi (child)
joshi (woman, girl)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
shoku (post, employment, work)
shinshoku (shintô priest)

❖ Female shintô priest or those women acting as tôya at a matsuri
kannushi かんぬし 神主
kan (kami)
nushi (chief, master)
kannushi (shintô priest)

❖ The person responsible for the maintenance of a shintô shrine, as well as for leading worship
❖ Shrine keeper | guardian | chief ritualist
tônin とうにん 頭人
tô (head)
nin (person)

❖ Lay priest at a shrine or matsuri
tôya とうや 頭屋
当屋
tô (head)
ya (house, roof, dealer)

tô (this - business organisation or place)
ya (house, roof, dealer)

❖ Term for those help to organize and run a matsuri
❖ Term for those performing the functions of a shintô priest at a matsuri

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