shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCjinja shintôtaisai

taisai (Shrine Rites) – 06 / 14 / 2014
taisai たいさい 大祭
tai | dai (large, big)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Large (scale) shrine rites
❖ Shrine rites having to do with major festivals, divided into reisai, kinensai, niinamesai, shikinensai, chinzasai, senzasai, go-shisai, bunshisai, and rites based on special shrine traditions
bunshisai ぶんしさい 分祠祭
bun (part, segment)
shi (small shrine)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Movement of a enshrined kami to another branch shrine
chinzasai ちんざさい 鎮座祭
chin (tranquilize)
za (seat, cushion)
chinza (enshrinement)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Enshrinement of a kami
go-shisai ごしさい 越し祭
go.shi (cross over, move to)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Marking the deceased joining with ancestral spirits
❖ Held one year after the funeral rites
kinensai きねんさい 祈年祭
ki (pray, wish)
nen (year)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Celebrated annually on the fourth day of the second month to pray for a bountiful harvest
❖ All shrines receiving any form of official patronage, either imperial or provincial were required to perform kinensai
niiname sai にいなめさい 新嘗祭
nii (new)
na.me (taste)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Ancient domestic rites are observed anually with the eleventh-month harvest festival, at which time ancestral tutelaries (ujigami or yakatsukami) were feted together with the kami of foodstuffs: uka-no-mitama and the hearth kami known as kamado-gami
reisai れいさい 例祭
rei (custom, precedent)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ The principle matsuri of any shrine
❖ Performed once or twice a year
senzasai せんざさい 遷座祭
sen (transition, move, change)
za (seat, cushion)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Relocation of a shrine and transfer of an object of worship
❖ A festival held for a building that is to be dismantled and rebuilt, or undergo major repairs
❖ Before construction begins, the kami is transferred to temporary quarters (karidono senzasai) – kari (temporary, interim) / dono (hall, palace, temple)
❖ And then returned when the permanent structure is completed (honden senzasai) – hon (main, true, real) / den (hall, palace, temple)
shikinensai しきねんさい 式年祭
shiki (ceremony, rite, function)
nen (year)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Rites held annually
❖ All tasai, chûsai and shôsai
❖ Rites of this type are broadly divided between those held regularly at shrines and those held for the Imperial Ancestors at the palace; held in prescribed years
chûsai ちゅうさい 中祭
chû (middle, center)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Medium (scale) shrine rites
❖ Shrine rites having to do with medium-size festivals
shôsai しょうさい 小祭
shô (little, small)
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ Small (scale) shrine rites
❖ Shrine rites having to do with small-size festivals

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