shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCCharacteristicsInfluencesshugendô

shugendô (Way of Training and Testing) – 06 / 12 / 2014
shugendô しゅげんどう 修験道
shu (discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master)
gen (testing, verification, effect)
dô (way, journey, course, moral, teachings)

❖ A form of Japanese folk religion, based on mountain worship, and formed under the influence of butsu, dôkyô, onmyôdô, and other religions
❖ The name shugen is derived from the term genriki, which refers to special powers acquired as the result of shugyô performed within the mountains
genriki げんりき 験力
gen (testing, verification, effect)
riki (power, strong)
genrirki (literally: testing power)
en no gyôja えんのぎょうじゃ 役行者
役の行者
en (family name)
no (implied possessive particle)
gyô (vocation, performance)
ja (someone, person)

en (family name)
no (possessive particle)
gyô (vocation, performance)
ja (someone, person)

❖ en the ascetic
❖ Legendary founder of shugendô and the yamabushi
❖ Also called en no ozunu, ozuno, en no shôkaku, en no ubasoku
en no ozunu えんのうずぬ 役小角
ozuno おずの 小角
en no shôkaku えんのしょうかく 役の小角
en no ubasoku えんのうばそく 役優婆塞
en (family name)
no (implied possessive particle)
o (little, small)
zunu (angle, corner, square, horn, antlers)
ozunu (unclassified name)

o (little, small)
zuno | tsuno (angle, corner, square, horn, antlers)

en (family name)
no (possessive particle)
shô (little, small)
kaku (angle, corner, square, horn, antlers)

en (family name)
no (implied possessive particle)
u (tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness)
ba (old woman, grandma, wet nurse)
soku (close, shut, cover, block, obstruct)
ubasoku (devout male lay follower of Buddhism)
gongen ごんげん 権現
gon (authority, power, rights)
gen (present, existing, actual)

❖ Incarnation; avatar
❖ Protective deity usually associated with a mountain
kebôzu けぼうず 毛坊主
ke (hair, fur)
bô (priest)
zu (lord, chief, master)
bôzu (Buddhist priest, bonze, person with a shorn head)
kebôzu (hairy / unshaven Buddhist priest)

❖ Unofficial Buddhist priest not attached to a temple
kenza けんざ 験者
ken (verification, testing)
za | sha (someone, person)

❖ Mountain ascetic
❖ Practitioner of mountain asceticism – shugendô
❖ One who has been tested and accumulated power
❖ Also called kenja
kenja けんじゃ 賢者
ken (cleverness, intelligent, wisdom, wise)
ja | sha (someone, person)
kenja (sage)
shugenja しゅげんじゃ 修験者
shu (discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master)
gen (verification, effect, testing)
ja | sha (someone, person)

❖ A practitioner of shugendô
❖ Mountain ascetic
shugyô しゅぎょう 修業
shu (discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master)
gyô (vocation, performance)

❖ Religious practices
shugyôsha しゅぎょうしゃ 修行者
shu (discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master)
gyô (vocation, performance)
sha (someone, person)

❖ Practitioner of austerities
yamabushi やまぶし 山伏
yama (mountain)
bushi | fushi (bend, bow, prostrate, hide)

❖ (mountain priest, itinerant Buddhist monk)

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