shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
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ToCminzoku shintôminkandenshôjôreisaiki

saiki (Ritual Tools) – 11 / 17 / 2015
saiki さいき 祭器
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)
ki (utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, container, tool, set)

❖ Equipment used in rituals
❖ Also called saigu
saigu さいぐ 祭具
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)
gu (tool, utensil)
chi-no-wa ちのわ 茅輪
chi (miscanthus reed)
no (possesive particle)
wa (ring)

❖ Or chinowa
❖ An instrument for casting out sources of misfortune
❖ People are purified by passing through a large sacred ring, made of loosely twisted miscanthus (Miscanthus sinensis)
heihaku へいはく 幣帛
hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)
haku (cloth)

❖ In its broadest sense a general term for offerings made to the kami
❖ The type and number of heihaku vary greatly depending on the type of ritual
❖ Items offered include cloth, clothing, weapons, miki, and shinsen
❖ Also called mitegura, heimotsu, hei, shinpei, go-shinpei, go-hei
heimotsu へいもつ 幣物
hei へい
shinpei しんぺい 神幣
go-shinpei ごしんぺい 御神幣
hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)
motsu (thing, object)
heimotsu (shintô offerings; present to a guest)

hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
pei | hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

go (honorable)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
pei | hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)
go-hei ごへい 御幣
go | o (honorable)
hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

❖ Or gohei
❖ Made by attaching shide of gold, silver, white or multicolored (five-color) paper to a heigushi and offered to kami
❖ Also called mitegura
mitegura みてぐら 御手倉
mi (honorable)
te (hand)
gura | kura (warehouse, storehouse, treasury)
go-shiki-ban ごしきばん 五色幡
go (five)
shiki (color)
ban (flag)

❖ Or goshikiban
❖ Five-colored sets of ribbons hung in altar areas
❖ Buddhist colors for the directions:
❖ Blue / green – East
❖ Red – South
❖ White – West
❖ Black / purple – North
❖ Yellow / brown – Center
❖ The sequence of the colors is (usually) green, yellow, red, white, and blue / black / purple
shiki しき
(color)

❖ Also called iro
iro いろ
(color)
aka あか
(red)

kun'yomi
akai (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes strong emotions, energy, vitality, heat, power, love and intimacy, sexual desire
❖ Color of life force and energy, the (rising) sun
❖ Also called seki
seki せき
(red)

on'yomi
ao あお
(blue, or green)

kun'yomi
aoi (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes purity and cleanliness, calmness and stability
❖ Color of the seas surrounding Japan, a feminine color
❖ Also called sei
sei せい
(blue, or green)

on'yomi
midori みどり
(green, greenery)

(green, greenery)

kun'yomi
midorino (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes fertility, growth, youth, vitality, freshness
❖ Color of nature and the eternal
❖ Also called midoriiro, ao
midoriiro みどりいろ 緑色
翠色
midoriiro (green)

midoriiro (green)

kun'yomi
midoriirono (adj ending)
kiiro きいろ 黄色
kiiro (yellow)

kun'yomi
kiiroi (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes courage, nobility, beauty, refinement, cheerfulness
❖ Color of the sacred
❖ Also called ki
ki
(yellow)

kun'yomi
kuro くろ
(black)

kun'yomi
kuroi (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes death, destruction, doom, fear, sorrow, mourning, misfortune, formality, elegance
❖ Color of mystery and the night
❖ Also called koku
koku こく
(black)

on'yomi
murasaki むらさき
(purple)

kun'yomi
murisakino (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes privilege, wealth, long life, perseverance
❖ Color of nobility
❖ Also called murasakiiro
murasakiiro むらさきいろ 紫色
murasakiiro (violet)

kun'yomi
❖ murasakiirono (adj ending)
shiro しろ
(white)

kun'yomi
shiroi (adj ending)
❖ Symbolizes purity, cleanliness,blessedness, sacred nature
❖ Color of weddings and other joyful life events
❖ Also called haku
haku はく
(white)

on'yomi
heigushi へいぐし 幣串
hei (cash, gift, Shinto offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)
gushi | kushi (spit, skewer)

❖ A staff made of bamboo or other wood to which shide are attached to make a go-hei
hôbei ほうべい 奉幣
hô (observance, offer, present, dedicate)
bei | hei (cash, gift, shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

❖ Presentation of go-hei, or heihaku, or offerings to be used by kami
hitogata ひとがた 人型
hito (person)
gata (model)

❖ Human shaped paper cutout used in the nagoshi no ôharae and shiwasu ôharai to absorb fujô through contact with a person
❖ (See Ritual)
kamidana かみだな 神棚
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, gratitude, awe, or terror)
dana | tana (shelf, ledge, mantle)

❖ (Literally: kami-shelf)
❖ A household shrine placed or hung high on a wall
❖ (See Purification of Place)
kamidana layout – this varies depending on available space
御塩
o-shio

sakaki
御札
ofuda

sakaki
御米
o-kome
御水
o-mizu
  香具
kôgu
  御酒
o-miki
kamidana haishi かみだなはいし 神棚拝詞
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, gratitude, awe, or terror)
dana | tana (shelf, ledge, mantle)
hai (bowing one's head in respect or worship, worship)
shi (words, writing, lyrics)
haishi (prayer)

❖ kamidana prayer
❖ (See Prayer)
ishidôrô いしどうろう 石灯篭
石灯籠
ishi (stone)
dô | tô (lamp, a light)
rô (cage)

ishi (stone)
dô | tô (lamp, a light)
rô (basket, cage)

❖ Stone lantern
❖ Also called toro, mokusei tôrô, and kasuga tôrô
tôrô とうろう 灯篭
灯籠
mokusei tôrô もくせいとうろう 木製灯篭
木製灯籠
kasuga tôrô とうろう 春日灯篭
春日灯籠
tô (lamp, a light)
rô (cage)
tôrô (lantern)

tô (lamp, a light)
rô (basket, cage)
tôrô (lantern)

moku (tree, wood)
sei (made in, made of)
mokusei (wooden, made of wood)
tô (lamp, a light)
rô (cage)
tôrô (lantern)

moku (tree, wood)
sei (made in, made of)
mokusei (wooden, made of wood)
tô (lamp, a light)
rô (basket, cage)
tôrô (lantern)

kasu (spring, springtime)
ga (day, sun)
kasuga (spring day)
tô (lamp, a light)
rô (cage)
tôrô (lantern)

kasu (spring, springtime)
ga (day, sun)
kasuga (spring day)
tô (lamp, a light)
rô (basket, cage)
tôrô (lantern)
kadai かだい 花台
ka | hana (flower)
dai (pedestal, a stand)

❖ Stands for sakakitate vases
kagaribi かがりび 篝火
kagari (beacon basket)
bi | hi (fire)

❖ Brazier, bonfire, watch fire, cresset
kôgu こうぐ 香具
kô (incense, smell, perfume)
gu (tool, utensil, ingredients, sets of furniture)
kôgu (incense set, incense paraphernalia, incense components)

❖ Incense set – e.g. burner, tray, tongs, etc.
こう
(incense, smell, perfume)
kôro こうろ 香炉
kô (incense, smell, perfume)
ro (hearth, furnace, kiln)
kôro (censer; incense burner)
kumoi くもい 雲居
kumo (cloud)
-i (reside, to be, exist)
kumoi (sky, high place, distant place)

❖ Written on paper and placed above kamidana if there is a floor above it
masakaki まさかき 真榊
ma (true, reality)
sakaki (sacred shintô tree)

sakaki branch with go-shiki-ban and sanshu-no-jingi
ofuda おふだ 御札
o (honorable)
fuda (tag, placard, emblem)

❖ A talisman usually issued by a shintô shrine, made of paper, wood, or metal, inscribed with the name of a kami and used for protection in the home
❖ Typically placed in the home at a kamidana
❖ Renewed annually
❖ (See ofuda / gofu Generator)
❖ Also called fuda, kamifuda
fuda ふだ
kamifuda かみふだ 神札
(tag, placard, emblem)

kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
fuda (tag, placard, emblem)

❖ (See gofu)
osonaemono おそなえもの 御供物
o (honorable)
sona.e (submit, offer, present, serve)
mono (thing)

❖ Traditional offerings of kome, sake, mizu, shio and sakaki
❖ (See shinsen)
ozen おぜん 御膳
o (honorable)
zen (small low table, tray)

❖ Tray for shinki
shinki しんき 神器
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
ki (utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, container, tool, set)

❖ Offering vessels or ritual tools
❖ Also called shinguSETTO (usually in sales catalogs)
shinguSETTO しんぐセット 神具セット
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
gu (tool, utensil)
SETTO (katakana – Japanese pronounciation of English – set)
heiji へいじ 瓶子
hei (bottle, vial, jar, jug)
ji | gi (child)

❖ Two lidded bottles containing o-miki
mizutama みずたま 水玉
mizu (water)
tama (ball, jewel)

❖ Round, pointed-lidded jar containing water
sakakitate さかきたて 榊立て
榊立
sakaki (sacred shintô tree)
ta.te | da.te (stand up)

sakaki (sacred shintô tree)
tate | date (stand up)

❖ Two tall vases for the sakaki
❖ o-sakaki (honorable sakaki)
❖ Also pronounced sakakidate
sakakidate さかきだて 榊立て
榊立
sakaki (sacred shintô tree)
da.te (stand up)

sakaki (sacred shintô tree)
date (stand up)
sara さら
(dish, plate)

❖ Two plates, dishes for o-kome and o-shio
❖ Also called shiro sara, o-sara
shiro sara さら 白皿
o-sara さら 御皿
shiro (white)
sara (dish, plate)

o (honorable)
sara (disk, plate)
shinkyô しんきょう 神鏡
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
kyô (mirror)

❖ Sacred kagami with stand
kagami かがみ
(mirror)
kamidoko かみどこ 神床
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, gratitude, awe, or terror)
doko | toko (floor)

❖ (Literally: kami floor)
❖ A household or dôjô shrine placed on a floor-level platform usually having several steps
oo-nusa おおぬさ 大幣
oo (large, big)
nusa (shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

❖ Or oonusa
❖ A ritual purification wand presented when invoking the kami or when exorcising tsumi or kegare
❖ May be made of shide attached to a branch of the sakaki, or the streamers may be attached to a hexagonal or octagonal staff of unfinished wood
❖ (See Ritual)
❖ (See heihaku)
❖ Also called nusa, haraegushi
nusa ぬさ
haraegushi はらえぐし 祓串
(shintô offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper)

hara.e (exorcise)
gushi | kushi (skewer)
saikigu さいきぐ 祭器具
sai (ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)
ki (utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, container, tool, set)
gu (tool, utensil)

❖ Ritual utensils used in harai ceremonies
hassokuan はっそくあん 八足案
has | hatsu (eight)
soku (leg)
an (desk, table, stand)

❖ Eight-footed table used to bear items such as heihaku, shinsen, and tamagushi.
❖ Also called an
an あん
(desk, table, stand)
oshiki おしき 折敷
o. (bend, fold)
shi.ki (spread, sit)

❖ Offering tray placed on top of the sanbô
sanbô さんぼう 三方
san (three)
bô | hô (sides, directions)

❖ A short stand used to bear the shinsen or food offerings
❖ Usually made of unpainted hinoki
❖ Also pronounced sanpô
sanpô さんぽう 三方
san (three)
pô | hô (sides, directions)
takatsuki たかつき 高坏
taka (high, tall)
tsuki (bowl)

❖ Wooden pedestal table used to bear the shinsen
❖ Also called taka hai, kaku-takatsuki, maru-takatsuki
taka hai たかはい 高坏
kaku-takatsuki かくたかつき 角高坏
maru-takatsuki まるたかつき 丸高坏
taka (high, tall)
hai (shallow bowl)

kaku (angle)
taka (high, tall)
tsuki (shallow bowl)

maru (circle)
taka (high, tall)
tsuki (shallow bowl)

❖ Angular top pedestal table
❖ Round top pedestal table
shaku しゃく
(baton, mace, scepter)

❖ Flat wooden or ivory baton carried in the right hand when in shintô garb
❖ Frequently printed with norito or instructions for ritual
shide しで 紙垂
shi (paper)
de (droop, suspend, hang)

❖ Zigzag folded paper or cloth offerings
shimenawa しめなわ 標縄
shime | shirube (marker)
nawa (straw rope)

❖ (Literally: enclosing rope)
❖ Rice straw rope used to absorb impurities
shinboku しんぼく 神木
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
boku (tree, wood)

❖ A sacred tree or grove
❖ Also called goshinboku, shinju
goshinboku ごしんぼく 御神木
ご神木
shinju しんじゅ 神樹
go (honorable)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
boku (tree)

shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
ju (timber trees, wood)
shintai しんたい 神体
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tai (body, substance, object, reality)

❖ An object in which a kami is believed to dwell
❖ (See Dwelling)
❖ (See yorishiro)
❖ Also called go-shintai, mitamashiro
go-shintai ごしんたい 御神体
mitamashiro みたましろ 御霊代
go (honorable)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
tai (body, substance, object, reality)

mi (honorable)
tama (spirits, soul)
shiro (substitute)
tamagushi たまぐし 玉串
玉籤
tama (jewel, ball)
gushi | kushi (skewer, spit)

tama (jewel, ball)
gushi | kuji (lottery, raffle)

❖ A branch of sakaki with shide attached that is offered to kami with the appropriate hakushu as the final act of sampai
❖ Also pronounced tamakushi
tamakushi たまくし 玉串
玉籤
tama (jewel, ball)
kushi (skewer, spit)

tama (jewel, ball)
kushi | kuji (lottery, raffle)
torii – Sacred gateway to a shrine usually consisting of two uprights with either a shimenawa strung between, or one or two crossbeams (See torii)
torimono とりもの 採物
to.ri (pick, take, fetch, take up)
mono (thing, object, matter)

❖ A prop which is held in the hand of the dancer in sacred dance rituals such as kagura
❖ It can also refer to the thing the dancer holds when performing a dance to purify the implements to be used in a sacred ritual or dance
❖ Some torimono are sakaki (sacred leaves), mitegura (ritual paper object), tsue (rod), sasa (bamboo grass), yumi (bow), tsurugi (sword), hoko (halberd), hisago (ladle), kazura (vines), suzu (bells), and goza (straw/rush mat)
❖ (See satokagura)
suzu すず
(small bell)

❖ A hand-held, bell tree composed of three tiers of jingle bells
❖ The first (top) tier has 3 bells, the second tier has 5 bells and the lowest tier has 7 bells
❖ Sometimes with go-shiki-ban attached to the handle
❖ The emphasis on odd numbers is a Buddhist influence
❖ Also called kagura suzu
yorishiro よりしろ 依代
yori (reliant, depend on)
shiro (substitute, change, convert, replace)

❖ A temporary dwelling place (or object or person or animal) of kami when they descends for a religious ceremony or when possessing a person
❖ yorishiro may be natural objects such as trees or rocks, or implements prepared for use in rituals, such as pillars, banners, or ritual emblems called go-hei
❖ (See shintai)

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