shiyakujin no hokora
A Book of Little Traditions
shiyakujin no hokoraTable of ContentsIndexBibliographyBackForward
ToCminzoku shintôsekai-kankafû

kafû (Family Traditions) – 08 / 10 / 2014
kafû かふう 家風
ka (house, home)
fû (style, manner)

❖ (family traditions)
❖ Family is the foundation for preserving traditions passed from one generation to the next
sosensûhai そせんすうはい 祖先崇拝
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
sen (before, ahead, previous, future, precedence)
sosen (ancestor) sû (adore, respect, revere, worship)
hai (worship, adore, pray to)
sôhai (worship, adoration, admiration, cult)

❖ Ancestral reverence or worship
butsudan ぶつだん 仏壇
butsu (Buddha)
dan (podium, stage, rostrum)

❖ (houshold buddhist alter)
❖ With the exception of an immediate family member, objects related to hotoke are not normally kept on the kamidana, but are instead kept on a butsudan. Any rituals for the dead are performed before the butsudan.
❖ (See obon, higan)
hotoke ほとけ
(enlightened person, Buddha, the dead or spirits of the dead)

❖ Buddhist term
❖ Used to refer to the spirits of the ancestors
❖ Those who do not become hotoke, become gaki or "hungry spirits"
reihô れいほう 礼法
rei (salute, bow, ceremony, thanks)
hô (method, law, rule, principle, model, system)

❖ Etiquette, courtesy, manners
❖ Showing proper respect
❖ See reihô
sojin そじん 祖神
so (founder, ancestor)
jin (kami)

❖ Ancestral Kami
❖ Usually the clan founder
❖ Although it can refer to the known ancestors collectively
❖ Also called oyagami
oyagami おやがみ 親神
oya (parent, relative)
gami (kami)
sorei それい 祖霊
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
rei (spirits, soul)
sorei (ancestral spirit, collective of ancestral spirits which have lost their individualities,ancestor deified as a kami)

❖ Ancestor(s) deified as kami, spirit of a kami
❖ Also called fuso, sosô
fuso ふそ 父祖
sosô そそう 祖宗
fu (father)
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)

so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
sô (origin)
soreiden それいでん 祖霊殿
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
rei (spirits, soul)
den (hall, mansion, palace, temple)
soreiden (ancestor spirit temple)

❖ Ancestor shrine
sorei haishi それいはいし 祖霊拝詞
so (ancestor, founder)
rei (spirits, soul)
sorei (ancestral spirit, collective of ancestral spirits which have lost their individualities,ancestor deified as a kami)
hai (worship, adore, pray to)
shi (words, poetry)
haishi (reverent words, prayer)
sorei haishi (ancestor prayer)

❖ (See sorei haishi)
sosen そせん 祖先
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
sen (before, ahead, previous, future, precedence)

❖ (ancestor)
sosen-no-rei そせんのれい 祖先の霊
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
sen (before, ahead, previous, future, precedence)
no (possessive particle)
rei (spirits, soul)

❖ (ancestral spirits)
sosen-no-rei-
wo-matsuru
そせんのれい
をまつる
祖先の霊
を祭る
so (ancestor, pioneer, founder)
sen (before, ahead, previous, future, precedence)
no (possessive particle)
rei (spirits, soul)
wo (direct object particle)
matsur.ru (to: perform ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship)

❖ (to perform religious rituals for the departed souls of one's ancestors)

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